Soybeans are in the fields for about six months of the year in LaRue County. Let’s look at a brief summary of grower actions during these months.
May: Full‑season soybean planting should begin by mid May. Growers will burn down or till weeds prior to planting. Roundup Ready soybeans are grown most often now. Pre-emergence herbicides can be applied immediately after planting and before the crop emerges. Stand counts should be conducted to determine the quality of the stand.
June: If a soil residual herbicide was not used earlier, then summer annual weeds will likely be competing with soybean within four weeks after soybean emergence. Growers should scout for weeds and insects and make necessary management decisions based on what they find. Double crop soybeans should be planted in late June following wheat harvest.
n July: Full‑season soybean should be flowering in July and starting pod set. Growers should continue to scout crop conditions, especially now for late‑emerging weeds. Begin scouting for soybean rust if weather forecasts and soybean rust tracking indicate rust is in Kentucky. Apply foliar fungicides as needed.
n August: Growers now should scout crop conditions, including seed fill. They should also scout weed escapes and spot spray, if necessary, and keep a record for the following season. They should also prepare for grain harvest and complete any grain storage preparations.
n September and October: Continue scouting for soybean rust and other diseases. Grain harvest could begin in September, depending on maturity of the varieties. If soybeans will be stored on farm, dry them to about 15 percent moisture for safe storage, if necessary.
n November: Often, soybean harvest will continue into November. While not actual production, marketing is a significant part of soybean production that producers should always be researching to achieve the highest price. Prices are excellent so far this year.